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Wildflowers of Western Australia

Biological Nomenclature of Orchids

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Clues to one of Natures Great Treasure Hunts

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"The correct botanical names of most West Australian orchids are euphonious, and not too difficult for even children to learn. Once the meanings are understood and the described characteristics have been observed in the growing plants, the terrors of the names vanish, and their usage becomes a matter of course.

Classification of West Australian orchids, so far as genus is concerned, is not usually difficult.

With the aid of this book (or website) it should not be beyond the power of any person or child of reasonable age, sufficiently interested, to learn to run out both genus and species of any West Australian orchid for themselves."
West Australian Orchids by EMILY H. PELLOE - 1930

Genus

Genus   The Vocabulary of Orchids - Genus Common Name  
Caladenia kal-uh-DEE-nee-uh kalos, beautiful + aden, gland - calli on lip. Fairy Orchids
Spider Orchids
small and enchanting
spider like shape
Calochilus kal-oh-KY-lus kalos, beautiful + cheilos, a lip - the fringed labellum. Beard Orchids bearded labellum
Corunastylis koh-run-a-STY-liss koryne, club + stylis, - the column Pygmy Orchid one of the smallest orchids
Corybas KOR-ry-bas corybant, Greek - dance performed by armed men to the goddess Cybele Helmet Orchids helmet shaped flower
Cryptostylis krip-toh-STY-lis cryptos, concealed, + stylos, a column. Slipper Orchid slipper shaped flowers
Cyanicula sy-an-IK-yoo-la cyanos, blue + icula, small - the flower Blue Orchids blue colouring of the flower
Cyrtostylis sir-toh-STY-lis kyrtos, curved, + stylos, a column Mosquito Orchids flowers resemble (and attract) small insects
Diuris dy-YOOR-is dis, double + oura, a tail - ref. the lateral sepals Donkey Orchids petals look like donkey ears
Drakaea DRAY-kee-uh Miss Sarah Anne Drake (1803-1857), prolific botanical illustrator Hammer Orchids lip is shaped like and swings like a hammer
Elythranthera eli-THRAN-ther-uh elytron, cover + anthera, anther - ref. column wings Enamel Orchids shiny glossy tepals
Epiblema epi-BLEM-uh epiblema, Greek: shawl covering - covered anther Babe-in-a-cradle looks like baby kicking its blanket off
Ericksonella erickson-ella Rica Erickson (1908-2009), author, botanical artist, naturalist. Sugar Orchid glistening white flowers
Eriochilus air-ee-oh-KY-lus erion, wool + cheilos, lip - labellum surface Bunny Orchids sepals like rabbit ears and lip furry
Gastrodia gas-TRO-dee-uh gastrodes, belly - the pot-bellied flower shape Potato Orchid large tubers utilised as food by Aborigines
Leporella lep-or-ELL-uh leporis, hare + ella, small - flower shape Hare Orchid paired petals look a bit like hare ears
Leptoceras lep-TOS-er-us leptos, slender + ceras, horn - shape of the petals Rabbit Orchid clubbed petals upright like rabbit ears
Lyperanthus ly-per-AN-thus lypros, poor + anthos, flower - dull coloured flowers Beak Orchids beak-like hood formed by the dorsal sepal
Microtis my-KRO-tis mikros, small + otus, ear - ear-like column wings Mignonette Orchids resembles the Mediterranean wild mignonette
Paracaleana para-kay-lee-an-uh para, beside + Caleana - close relationship with genus Caleana Duck Orchids duck shaped flower
Pheladenia fel-uh-DEE-nee-a phelos, false + aden, gland - distinct labellum calli Blue Beard blue orchid with beard-like labellum
Praecoxanthus pray-kox-AN-thus praecox, early + anthos, flower - flowering time Leafless Orchid leafless when flowering
Prasophyllum praz-o-FY-lum prasos, a leek + phyilos, a leaf - leek-like leaves Leek Orchids leek-like leaves
Pterostylis ter-oh-STY-liss pteros, a wing + stylos, a style - winged column Greenhoods colour and shape of the flower
Pyrorchis py-ROR-kis pyr, fire + orchis, orchid - post fire flowering Fire Orchids fire shaped and flame coloured flowers
Rhizanthella ry-zan-THEL-uh rhiza, root + anthos, flower - flower emanates from the roots Underground Orchid only orchid genus to flower underground
Spiculaea spik-yoo-LAY-uh spicula, spiked - column wings Elbow Orchid elbow-like bending of the lip on a hinge
Thelymitra thel-ee-MY-tra thelys, female + mitra, a cap - hooded column Sun Orchids flower opens in warm sunshine

 

CaladeniaCaladenia CalochilusCalochilus CorunastylisCorunastylis CorybasCorybas CryptostylisCryptostylis CyaniculaCyanicula CyrtostylisCyrtostylis DiurisDiuris DrakaeaDrakaea ElythrantheraElythranthera EpiblemaEpiblema EricksonellaEricksonella EriochilusEriochilus GastrodiaGastrodia LeporellaLeporella LeptocerasLeptoceras LyperanthusLyperanthus MicrotisMicrotis ParacaleanaParacaleana PheladeniaPheladenia PraecoxanthusPraecoxanthus PrasophyllumPrasophyllum PterostylisPterostylis PyrorchisPyrorchis RhizanthellaRhizanthella SpiculaeaSpiculaea ThelymitraThelymitra

 

Species

(Not included: about 100 unnamed species)

To see the photo of the flower click on the species name. (if available)

  Autumn Winter Spring Summer
best month mar apr may jun jul aug sep oct nov dec jan feb
388 species 0 11 3 8 20 85 136 83 23 18 0 0

Key to sub-grouping - (mouse-over or touch) CaladeniaPterostylisThelymitra

Click on the column headers to sort the column by group, date or alphabetically. (Click again to reverse)

Genus species Common Name sub
group
date +
maps
The Vocabulary of Orchids - Species
Caladenia abbreviata
ab-bree-vee-AH-tuh
Coastal Spider Orchid c wispy 11 nov shortened - tepals
Caladenia ambusta
‘Boranup’
Boranup Spider Orchid c white 11 nov burned - profuse flowering only in the season following summer wildfire. (Orig.col., Greg Bussel, 2000)
Caladenia applanata Broad-lipped Spider Orchid c white 10 oct flattened - labellum
Caladenia applanata ssp.erubescens Rose Spider Orchid c white 09 sep erubescens: blushing; rosy - flower
Caladenia arenicola Carousel Spider Orchid club sep 08 aug sand + dweller - habitat
Caladenia arrecta Reaching Spider Orchid club tep 08 aug set upright - petals
Caladenia attingens Forest Mantis Orchid c green 10 oct reaching, attaining - extended calli
Caladenia attingens ssp. effusa
'granite'
Granite Mantis Orchid c green 09 sep effusus: loose, spreading - lateral sepals
Caladenia attingens ssp. gracillima Small Mantis Orchid c green 09 sep gracillima: slender - flower
Caladenia barbarella Small Dragon Orchid c dragon 08 aug beard + small - flower. (Orig.col., Alex George, 1969.)
Caladenia barbarossa Dragon Orchid c dragon 10 oct beard + red - labellum
Caladenia bicalliata Limestone Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep two + calli - two rows of labellum calli
Caladenia bicalliata ssp. cleistogama Sandhill Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug cleistogama: closed - fertilised within the unopened flower
Caladenia bigeminata
‘Yerina Springs’
Yerina Springs Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug two + paired - two longitudinal rows of paired calli.
Caladenia brevisura
brev-ee-shor-uh
Short-sepalled Spider Orchid crested 09 sep short sepals
Caladenia brownii Karri Spider Orchid club sep 10 oct Andrew Brown (1951-), orchidologist, orchid expert and author.
Caladenia bryceana
bry-see-ah-nah
Dwarf Spider Orchid crested 08 aug Francis Bryce Maclntyre, orig.col., found near Gnowangerup in 1914.
Caladenia bryceana ssp. cracens Northern Dwarf Spider Orchid crested 08 aug cracens: neat, slender - slender-headed calli
Caladenia busselliana Bussell's Spider Orchid club sep 09 sep Greg Bussel, orig.col., 1990, helpful orchid enthusiast.
Caladenia caesarea
see-zair-ee-uh
Mustard Orchid c wispy 10 oct Caesar, Roman emperor, majestic, imperial - flower
Caladenia caesarea ssp. maritima Cape Mustard Orchid c wispy 08 aug maritima: sea-coast - habitat
Caladenia caesarea ssp. transiens Dwarf Mustard Orchid c wispy 09 sep transiens: passing into - labellum shape
Caladenia cairnsiana Zebra Orchid crested 08 aug Honouring the Rev. Adam Cairns, of Melbourne.
Caladenia chapmanii Chapman's Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep Eric Chapman of Dinninup, keen WA orchid enthusiast.
Caladenia christineae Christine's Spider Orchid c white 10 oct Christine Hopper - wife of Prof. Steve Hopper.
Caladenia citrina Margaret River Spider Orchid c white 09 sep lemon colour - flower
Caladenia corynephora Club-lipped Spider Orchid club tep 12 dec club + bearing - clubbed labellum tip
Caladenia crebra
KREE-bra
Arrowsmith Spider Orchid club sep 08 aug close, compact - labellum calli
Caladenia cristata Crested Spider Orchid crested 09 sep crested - calli arrangement
Caladenia cruscula
KRUS-kew-la
Reclining Spider Orchid c white 09 sep small legged - comparatively short tepals
Caladenia decora Esperance King Spider Orchid club sep 09 sep painted - flower colouration
Caladenia denticulata Yellow Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep small tooth - labellum margins. (Orig.col., James Drummond, 1839.)
Caladenia denticulata ssp. albicans
'Arrowsmith'
Alabaster Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep albicans: white + almost - the dull white flowers
Caladenia denticulata ssp. rubella
'Jarrah forest'
Clumped Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug rubellus: reddish - flower
Caladenia dimidia
dee-MID-ee-ah
Chameleon Orchid c wispy 08 aug half - smaller lip size
Caladenia discoidea
dis-KOY-dee-ah
Dancing Orchid c other 08 aug disc shaped labellum
Caladenia dorrienii Cossack Spider Orchid c wispy 10 oct Capt. Arthur Algernon Dorrien-Smith, orig.col., (1876-1955), English naturalist.
Caladenia doutchiae Purple-veined Spider Orchid crested 09 sep Leila Beatrice Doutch, orig.col., 1921.
Caladenia drakeoides
drak-ee-OY-deez
Hinged Dragon Orchid c dragon 09 sep like a Drakaea - hinged lip. (Orig.col., John Tonkinson, 1960's.)
Caladenia drummondii Winter Spider Orchid c white 05 may James Drummond, orig.col., (1784-1863), Botanist, naturalist and avid collector.
Caladenia dundasiae
dun-das-ee-ay
Patricia's Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug Patricia Dundas (1952-), botanical artist and orchid enthusiast.
Caladenia elegans Elegant Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug elegant - attractive flowers
Caladenia ensata Stumpy Spider Orchid club tep 10 oct sword shaped - points on petals and lat. sepals
Caladenia erythrochila Lake Muir Blood Orchid c wispy 09 sep red + lip - labellum. (Orig.col., Harry Winfield 1970's.)
Caladenia erythronema
'Nyabing'
Nyabing Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep red + thread - red hairs which adorn the petals and sepals
Caladenia evanescens
evan-ESS-ens
Semaphore Spider Orchid c wispy 11 nov elusive, vanishing - nature of species. (Orig.col., Ron Oliver, Albany, 1962.)
Caladenia excelsa Giant Spider Orchid c white 10 oct lofty, high - plant stature
Caladenia exilis Salt Lake Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug slender - lip and tepals
Caladenia exilis ssp. vanleeuwenii Moora Spider Orchid c wispy 07 jul Steven van Leeuwen, research scientist, Dept. of Parks and Wildflife
Caladenia exstans Pointing Spider Orchid c green 10 oct projected - labellum reaches forward
Caladenia falcata Green Spider Orchid c green 09 sep sickle-shaped - upswept sepals
Caladenia ferruginea
fer-oo-JIN-ay
Rusty Spider Orchid club sep 09 sep rust coloured - flower. (Orig.col., William Nicholls.)
Caladenia filifera
fil-LIF-er-uh
Blood Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep thread like - narrow tepals
Caladenia flava Cowslip Orchid c fairy 08 aug yellow - flower
Caladenia flava ssp. maculata Kalbarri Cowslip Orchid c fairy 08 aug maculata: spotted - dorsal sepal and petals
Caladenia flava ssp. sylvestris Karri Cowslip Orchid c fairy 10 oct sylvestris: forest, woods + habitat
Caladenia fluvialis
‘Brookton Hwy’
Brookton Highway Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep stream, running water - preference for moist soils
Caladenia footeana Crimson Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug Herb Foote, orchid photographer and enthusiast. Foundation pres. WANOSCG
Caladenia fuscolutescens Ochre Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep brown + yellow - flower colour
Caladenia gardneri Cherry Spider Orchid c white 10 oct George Gardner, amatuer naturalist
Caladenia georgei Tuart Spider Orchid club sep 09 sep Alex George, botanist WA Herbarium
Caladenia graminifolia Grass-leafed Spider Orchid club tep 08 aug grass-like leaf
Caladenia graniticola Pingaring Spider Orchid club tep 10 oct granite + dweller. (Orig.col., Mrs K. White, 1984.)
Caladenia granitora Granite Spider Orchid club sep 10 oct coastal granite habitat
Caladenia harringtoniae Pink Spider Orchid c white 10 oct Alison Harrington - 1981 President of WANOSCG
Caladenia heberleana
heb-er-lee-AH-na
Heberle's Spider Orchid c white 09 sep Ronald Heberle, (1913-2004), orchid expert, photographer and self taught naturalist.
Caladenia hiemalis Dwarf Common Spider Orchid c wispy 07 jul of winter - flowering
Caladenia hirta Sugar Candy Orchid c fairy 09 sep hairy - plant. (Orig.col., James Drummond, 1931.)
Caladenia hirta ssp. rosea Pink Candy Orchid c fairy 08 aug rosea: rose coloured flower
Caladenia hoffmanii Hoffman's Spider Orchid club tep 08 aug Noel Hoffman, orchid photographer, enthusiast and author.
Caladenia hopperiana
‘Quindanning’
Quindanning Spider Orchid c white 10 oct Professor Stephen Donald Hopper (1951–), discovered and named many WA orchid species.
Caladenia horistes Cream Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep determines the boundaries - eastern limit of the wispy spiders
Caladenia huegelii Grand Spider Orchid club sep 09 sep Baron Carl Alexander von Huegel, orig.col., (1794-1870), Austrian botanist. Visited the Swan River colony, WA. 1833.
Caladenia incensa Glistening Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug fragrant - yielding scent when burnt
Caladenia incrassata Puppet Orchid crested 08 aug thickened - lateral sepals
Caladenia infundibularis Funnel-web Spider Orchid club sep 10 oct funnel shaped - labellum apex
Caladenia integra Smooth-lipped Spider Orchid c green 10 oct entire; whole - smooth labellum margin
Caladenia interjacens Walpole Spider Orchid c white 10 oct coming between - mix between orchid complexes
Caladenia latifolia Pink Fairy c fairy 08 aug broad + leaf
Caladenia leucochila
‘Collie’
Collie Spider Orchid club sep 09 sep white + lipped - labellum wholly white
loo-koh-KY-la
Caladenia lobata Butterfly Orchid c green 10 oct lobed - broad lobed labellum
Caladenia lodgeana Lodge's Spider Orchid club sep 11 nov Harry Lodge, WA orchid enthusiast. WANOSCG (Orig.col., Greg Bussel, orchid enthusiast.)
Caladenia longicauda White Spider Orchid c white 09 sep long + tail - petals and sepals. (Orig.col., James Drummond, 1839.)
Caladenia longicauda ssp. albella Small-lipped Spider Orchid c white 09 sep albella: dull white + small - flowers
Caladenia longicauda ssp. australora Southern White Spider Orchid c white 09 sep australora: of the south - distribution
Caladenia longicauda ssp. borealis Daddy-long-legs Spider Orchid c white 08 aug borealis: of the north - distribution
Caladenia longicauda ssp. calcigena Coastal White Spider Orchid c white 09 sep calcigena: lime + born - limestone dweller
Caladenia longicauda ssp. clivicola Hill's White Spider Orchid c white 09 sep clivicola: hill slope + dweller - along the Darling Scarp
Caladenia longicauda ssp. crassa Esperance White Spider Orchid c white 09 sep crassa: thick - short tepals
Caladenia longicauda ssp. eminens Stark White Spider Orchid c white 09 sep eminens: eminent - flowers
Caladenia longicauda ssp. extrema
'Manjimup'
Seaton Ross Spider Orchid c white 10 oct extrema: last, extreme - late flowering period
Caladenia longicauda ssp. insularis
'Duke of Orleans Bay'
Island Spider Orchid c white 09 sep insularis: island - island habitat of the type population
Caladenia longicauda ssp. merrittii Merritt's White Spider Orchid c white 09 sep merretii: Wayne Merritt, orig.col., orchid enthusiast.
Caladenia longicauda ssp. minima
'Chapman Valley'
Chapman Valley White Spider Orchid c white 08 aug minima: small for a 'white spider' orchid. (Orig.col., Andrew Brown, 2000.)
Caladenia longicauda ssp. redacta Tangled Spider Orchid c white 09 sep redacta: reduced - flower size
Caladenia longicauda ssp. rigidula Rigid White Spider Orchid c white 09 sep rigidula: rigid + small - small flower with stiff petals and sepals
Caladenia longiclavata Clubbed Spider Orchid club tep 09 sep long + clubbed - clubs on tepals
Caladenia longifimbriata
lon-jee-FIM-bree-ah-ta
Green-comb Spider Orchid c green 08 aug long + fringe - labellum. (Orig.col., Ron Heberle, 1978.)
Caladenia lorea Blushing Spider Orchid c white 09 sep strap shaped - long clubs on petals and lat. sepals
Caladenia luteola Lemon Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep pale yellow - flower
Caladenia macrostylis Leaping Spider Orchid c other 09 sep large + style - broad column wings
Caladenia magniclavata Big Clubbed Spider Orchid club tep 09 sep large + clubbed
Caladenia marginata White Fairy Orchid c fairy 10 oct margin + likeness - thickened petal and sepal margins
Caladenia melanema Ballerina Orchid c wispy 08 aug black + threads - dark tepal ends
Caladenia meridionalis South Coast Spider Orchid c wispy 07 jul southern - distribution
Caladenia mesocera
me-so-SEER-ah
Narrow-lipped Dragon Orchid c dragon 09 sep middle + horn - position of labellum horns
Caladenia microchila
my-kro-KY-la
Western Wispy Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug small + lip - labellum
Caladenia multiclavia Lazy Spider Orchid c other 09 sep much clubbed - club-shaped calli
Caladenia nana Little Pink Fan Orchid c fairy 09 sep dwarf - small plant
Caladenia nana ssp. unita Pink Fan Orchid c fairy 10 oct united - sepals
Caladenia nivalis
nih-VAY-liss
Exotic Spider Orchid c white 09 sep snowy white - flowers
Caladenia nobilis Noble Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep distinguished, excellent - large, attractive flowers
Caladenia occidentalis
ok-si-den-TAY-lis
Ruby Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug western - distribution
Caladenia pachychila
pak-ee-KY-lah
Dwarf Zebra Orchid crested 08 aug thick + lip
Caladenia paludosa Swamp Spider Orchid club sep 10 oct swampy, marshy - habitat
Caladenia paradoxa Ironcaps Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug strange, unexpected - confusion about identity
Caladenia pectinata King Spider Orchid club sep 10 oct toothed like a comb - labellum
Caladenia pendens Pendant Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep pendulus - tepals
Caladenia pendens ssp. talbotii Talbot's Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep Len Talbot, orig.col., Forester.
Caladenia perangusta
‘Keninup’
Boyup Brook Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep very + narrow - the slender petals and sepals
Caladenia petrensis Rock Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug rock - rocky habitat
Caladenia pholcoidea Albany Spider Orchid c white 12 dec bandy-legged - like a daddy long legs spider
Caladenia pholcoidea ssp. augustensis Augusta White Spider Orchid c white 11 nov the town of Augusta - location of original find. (Orig.col., Greg Bussell, 1992.)
Caladenia plicata Crab-lipped Spider Orchid club sep 10 oct folded - shape of labellum
Caladenia pluvialis
‘Yuna’
Yuna Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug relating to rain - flowers profusely after good winter rainfall.
Caladenia polychroma Joseph's Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep poly + chromus - many colours
Caladenia postea Dark-tipped Spider Orchid c wispy 10 oct later flowering. (Orig.col., Fred Hort.)
Caladenia procera Carbunup King Spider Orchid club sep 09 sep very tall - plant
Caladenia pulchra
PUL-kruh
Slender Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep beauty, elegant - flower
Caladenia radialis Drooping Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug radiating - labellum markings
Caladenia radiata Ray Spider Orchid club tep 11 nov radiating - labellum fringes
Caladenia remota Outback Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug remote - location
Caladenia remota ssp. parva Perenjori Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug parva: small, short - lip and column
Caladenia reptans Little Pink Fairy c fairy 08 aug creeping - spreading, clumping habit of the species
Caladenia reptans ssp. impensa Pale Pink Fairy c fairy 08 aug impensa: large, great - bigger than reptans
Caladenia rhomboidiformis Diamond Spider Orchid club tep 09 sep diamond + shape - labellum
Caladenia roei
ROW-eye
Clown Orchid crested 08 aug John Septimus Roe (1797-1878), Surveyor, Explorer and Botanical Collector.
Caladenia saxicola Banded Iron Stone Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug rock + dweller - habitat
Caladenia serotina Christmas Spider Orchid c white 11 nov occuring late - flowering time
Caladenia sigmoidea Sigmoid Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug sigma - “S” shaped labellum. (Orig.col., L. Horbury, 1937.)
Caladenia speciosa Sandplain White Spider Orchid c white 09 sep showy, splendid - flower
Caladenia splendens Splendid Spider Orchid c white 09 sep brilliant, shining - large and bright flowers
Caladenia startiorum Start's Spider Orchid c white 09 sep Joff Start and Family, orchid enthusiasts.
Caladenia straminichila
‘Moodiarrup’
Tenterden Yellow Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep straw-yellow + lipped - colouration of the labellum
Caladenia swartsiorum
‘Island Point’
Island Point Spider Orchid c white 10 oct Eric Swarts (1954–) and son Nigel Swarts (1981–), orig.cols.
Caladenia thinicola Scott River Spider Orchid club sep 10 oct dune + dweller - sand dune habitat
Caladenia uliginosa
ew-li-gi-NO-suh
Darting Spider Orchid c white 10 oct swampy, marshy - habitat
Caladenia uliginosa ssp. candicans Northern Darting Spider Orchid c white 10 oct candicans: glowing; shining - labellum colour
Caladenia uliginosa ssp. patulens Frail Spider Orchid c white 09 sep patulens: spreading - tepals
Caladenia ultima Late Spider Orchid c wispy 11 nov ultimate, last - flowering period
Caladenia validinervia
‘Muir highway’
Lake Muir Spider Orchid c wispy 09 sep strong, robust + nerved - the often prominent dull red stripes on the petals and sepals.
Caladenia viridescens Dunsborough Spider Orchid club sep 09 sep becoming green - flower colour
Caladenia voigtii
VOY-tee-eye
Mohawk Spider Orchid crested 09 sep Don Voight, orig.col., Esperance orchid enthusiast.
Caladenia vulgata Common Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug common - abundant and widespread
Caladenia wanosa Kalbarri Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug acronym - Western Australian Native Orchid Study And Conservation Group
Caladenia williamsiae William's Spider Orchid club tep 08 aug Judy Williams, orig.col., found on a single reserve near Brookton - 450 plants on 2 ha.
Caladenia winfieldii Majestic Spider Orchid c white 11 nov Harry Winfield, orig.col., Forester. Discovered in 1987 near Walpole. Less than 100 known.
Caladenia xantha
ZAN-tha
Primrose Spider Orchid c wispy 08 aug yellow - flower
Calochilus pruinosus Mallee Beard Orchid 09 sep frosted - plant and flower covered with white powdery bloom
Calochilus stramenicola Wandoo Beard Orchid 09 sep litter dweller - leaf litter habitat
Calochilus uliginosus Swamp Beard Orchid 10 oct swampy, marshy - habitat
Corunastylis tepperi Pygmy Orchid 04 apr Otto Tepper, orig.col., (1841-1923), botanist, ex Sth.Aust. 1880.
Corybas abditus Small Helmet Orchid 10 oct hidden, concealed - refers to both its scarcity and the dense habitat
Corybas despectans Sandhill Helmet Orchid 07 jul overlooked - small flowers overlooked for nine years. (Orig.col., Laurie Byrne, 1971.)
Corybas limpidus Crystal Helmet Orchid 07 jul clear, transparent - flower parts
Corybas recurvus Helmet Orchid 07 jul recurved - flower bends backwards to expose the labellum
Cryptostylis ovata Slipper Orchid 12 dec oval - leaf shape
Cyanicula amplexans Dainty Blue Orchid 08 aug encircling, clasping - labellum embraces the column.
Cyanicula aperta Western Tiny Blue Orchid 08 aug open - gap between labellum lobes
Cyanicula ashbyae Powder-blue China Orchid 10 oct Alison Marjorie Ashby, orig.col., (1901-1987), botanical painter.
Cyanicula fragrans Fragrant China Orchid 09 sep pleasant vanilla odour
Cyanicula gemmata Blue China Orchid 09 sep gem-like - the calli
Cyanicula gertrudiae Pale China Orchid 10 oct Gertrude Ostenfeld, daughter of orig.col., Carl Ostenfeld.
Cyanicula ixioides Yellow China Orchid 09 sep ixia + like - flowers like the genus Ixia
Cyanicula ixioides ssp. candida White China Orchid 09 sep candidus: pure white - flower
Cyanicula nikulinskyae Esperance China Orchid 09 sep Philipa Nikulinsky (1942-), botanical illustrator and artist.
Cyanicula sericea Silky Blue Orchid 08 aug silky - the leaf
Cyrtostylis huegelii Midge Orchid 07 jul Baron Carl Alexander von Huegel, orig.col., (1794-1870), naturalist. Visited the Swan River Colony (Perth) in 1833.
Cyrtostylis robusta Mosquito Orchid 07 jul robust, strong - size of labellum
Cyrtostylis tenuissima Gnat Orchid 10 oct delicate, small - flower
Diuris amplissima Giant Donkey Orchid donkey 10 oct great, large - flower
Diuris brevis
sp. 'Perth swamps' 215
Short-nosed Donkey Orchid donkey 08 aug short - labellum mid lobe
BREV-is
Diuris brumalis Winter Donkey Orchid donkey 07 jul shortest day - winter flowering
Diuris carecta
sp. 'Murchison River' 214
Sedge-loving Donkey Orchid donkey 09 sep a sedgy place - sedge habitat
ka-REK-ta
Diuris carinata Tall Bee Orchid d bee 10 oct keel-shaped - labellum. (Orig.col., James Drummond, 1839.)
Diuris concinna Elegant Donkey Orchid d bee 10 oct pleasant, neat - flower
Diuris conspicillata Spectacled Donkey Orchid donkey 08 aug spectacled - appearance of labellum wearing glasses
Diuris corymbosa Common Donkey Orchid donkey 09 sep cluster - flower arrangement.
Diuris decrementa Common Bee Orchid d bee 09 sep diminishing, lessening
Diuris drummondii Tall Donkey Orchid d bee 12 dec James Drummond, orig.col., (1784-1863), naturalist and avid collector. Over 100 plant species have been named in his honour.
Diuris eburnea Arrowsmith Bee Orchid d bee 10 oct ivory white - flower
Diuris emarginata Late Donkey Orchid d bee 12 dec of edge, margin - notched labellum ridge. (Orig.col., Robert Brown, 1801.)
Diuris filifolia Cat's Face Orchid d bee 09 sep thread-like leaves
Diuris hazeliae
sp. ‘eastern wheatbelt’ 212
Yellow Granite Donkey Orchid donkey 08 aug Hazel King, plant collector, conservationist and orchid enthusiast.
hay-zel-ee-ay
Diuris heberlei Heberle's Donkey Orchid d bee 12 dec Ron Heberle, (1913-2004), orchid expert, photographer and self taught naturalist.
Diuris immaculata Little Esperance Bee Orchid d bee 09 sep not + spotted - pure yellow flower
Diuris insignis Dark Bee Orchid d bee 10 oct remarkable, notable - flower
Diuris jonesii
sp. ‘Dunsborough' 211
Dunsborough Donkey Orchid donkey 09 sep David Jones, botanist and Australia's orchid guru.
jones-ee-eye
Diuris laevis Nanny Goat Orchid d nanny 10 oct smooth - leaves
Diuris laxiflora Bee Orchid d bee 09 sep loose flowered
Diuris littoralis
sp. 'Green Range' 213
Green Range Donkey Orchid donkey 08 aug of the sea shore - coastal distribution
lit-tor-AY-liss
Diuris longifolia Purple Pansy Orchid donkey 10 oct long leafed
Diuris magnifica Pansy Orchid donkey 09 sep splendid, noble - flowers
Diuris micrantha Dwarf Bee Orchid d bee 09 sep small + flower
Diuris oraria
sp. 'Zuytdorp Cliffs' 218
Northern Coastal Donkey Orchid donkey 08 aug of the coast - distribution
oh-RAH-ree-uh
Diuris ostrina
sp. 'Darling Scarp' 211
Darling Scarp Donkey Orchid donkey 10 oct purple - predominantly purple labellum
oss-TRY-nuh
Diuris pallescens
sp. 'mid north' 214
Pale Donkey Orchid donkey 09 sep pale, pallid - flowers
pa-LESS-ens
Diuris pauciflora Swamp Bee Orchid d bee 11 nov few-flowered
Diuris perialla Early Donkey Orchid donkey 07 jul periallos (before all others) - early flowering period
Diuris picta Granite Bee Orchid d bee 10 oct painted - floral colouration. (Orig.col., James Drummond, 1853.)
Diuris porrifolia Small-flowered Donkey Orchid donkey 08 aug Leek-like + leaf - shape
Diuris pulchella Beautiful Donkey Orchid donkey 08 aug beautiful, handsome - flower colour
Diuris purdiei Purdie's Donkey Orchid d nanny 10 oct Alexander Purdie, orig.col., (1859-1905). Enthusiastic collector of WA flora.
Diuris recurva Mini Donkey Orchid donkey 08 aug recurved lateral sepals
Diuris refracta Dainty Donkey Orchid donkey 08 aug broken
Diuris segregata Northampton Bee Orchid d bee 08 aug seperate, set apart - from D. septenrionalis
Diuris septentrionalis Northern Bee Orchid d bee 08 aug north, northern - distribution
Diuris setacea Bristly Donkey Orchid d bee 11 nov bristle + like - leaves. (Orig.col., Robert Brown, 1801)
Diuris suffusa
sp. 'Wyalkatchem' 217
Mottled Donkey Orchid donkey 09 sep suffused, tinged - pale flowers tinged with darker colours
suf-FEW-suh
Diuris tinctoria
sp. 'sandplain' 216
Sandplain Donkey Orchid donkey 09 sep tinged, dyed - colour patterns in the flower
tink-TOR-ee-ah
Diuris tinkeri
sp. ‘Eneabba’ 212
Arrowsmith Pansy Orchid donkey 08 aug Allan Tinker. Legend from the Western Flora Caravan Park.
tin-ker-eye
Drakaea andrewsiae Lost Hammer Orchid 09 sep Mrs Andrews, orig.col., 1930.
Drakaea concolor Kneeling Hammer Orchid 08 aug uniform in colour - labellum
Drakaea confluens Late Hammer Orchid 10 oct flowing together - labellum has features of both D. livida and D. elastica
Drakaea elastica Glossy-leafed Hammer Orchid 10 oct springy, elastic - hinged labellum
Drakaea glyptodon King-in-his-Carriage 09 sep glyptodon (armadillo-like extinct animal) - labellum shape
Drakaea gracilis Slender Hammer Orchid 09 sep slender - labellum
Drakaea isolata Lonely Hammer Orchid 09 sep isolated - from other Drakaea species. (Orig.col., Bob Bates, orchidologist.)
Drakaea livida Warty Hammer Orchid 09 sep bruised, discloloured, mottled - flower colour
Drakaea micrantha Dwarf Hammer Orchid 09 sep small + flower. (Orig.col., Theodore Goadby, 1930.)
Drakaea thynniphila Narrow-lipped Hammer Orchid 09 sep thynnid wasps + loving - pollinators
Elythranthera brunonis Purple Enamel Orchid 09 sep Robert Brown (1773-1858), naturalist. (Orig.col., Baron Von Huegel, 1833.)
Elythranthera emarginata Pink Enamel Orchid 10 oct bordered - labellum lobes
Epiblema grandiflorum Babe-in-a-Cradle 12 dec large + flower
Ericksonella saccharata Sugar Orchid 08 aug sugary, dusted with sugar - flower appearance
Eriochilus dilatatus White Bunny Orchid 04 apr widened - broad labellum and lateral sepals
Eriochilus dilatatus ssp. brevifolius Blunt-leaved Bunny Orchid 05 may brevifolius: short + leaf
Eriochilus dilatatus ssp. magnus Easter Bunny Orchid 04 apr magnus: large, big - large leaf and tall scape
Eriochilus dilatatus ssp. multiflorus Common Bunny Orchid 04 apr multiflorus: many flowers
Eriochilus dilatatus ssp. orientalis Eastern Bunny Orchid 04 apr orientalis: of the east - range of the species
Eriochilus dilatatus ssp. undulatus Crinkle-leafed Bunny Orchid 04 apr undulatus: undulating, wavy - leaf
Eriochilus helonomos Swamp Bunny Orchid 04 apr swampy, marshy - habitat
Eriochilus pulchellus Granite Bunny Orchid 04 apr beautiful + small - flower and stature
Eriochilus scaber Pink Bunny Orchid 07 jul rough - labellum surface
Eriochilus scaber ssp. orbifolius Round-leafed Pink Bunny Orchid 07 jul orbifolius: circular + leaf
Eriochilus tenuis Slender Bunny Orchid 10 oct thin, narrow - slender plant form
Eriochilus valens Red-lipped Bunny Orchid 04 apr robust, strong - colourful labellum
Gastrodia lacista Potato Orchid 12 dec tattered, torn - labellum margins
Leporella fimbriata Hare Orchid 04 apr fringed - labellum
Leptoceras menziesii Rabbit Orchid 09 sep Dr. Archibald Menzies, orig.col., (1754-1842), botanist and early WA plant collector.
Lyperanthus serratus Rattle Beak 10 oct saw-toothed - labellum calli
Microtis alba White Mignonette Orchid 12 dec white - flowers
Microtis alboviridis Scented Mignonette Orchid 11 nov white + green - flower
Microtis atrata Swamp Mignonette Orchid 09 sep dark, black - pressed specimens drying black
Microtis brownii Sweet Mignonette Orchid 12 dec Robert Brown, orig.col., (1773-1858), naturalist.
Microtis cupularis Cupped Mignonette Orchid 10 oct cup - labellum shape
Microtis eremaea Slender Mignonette Orchid 09 sep desert - inland habitat
Microtis eremicola Desert Mignonette Orchid 09 sep desert + dweller - habitat
Microtis familiaris Coastal Mignonette Orchid 12 dec familiar, friendly - grows with other Microtis species
Microtis globula Globular Mignonette Orchid 12 dec globe, ball - shape of the flower. (Orig.col., Bob Bates, S.Aust. 1982.)
Microtis graniticola Granite Mignonette Orchid 09 sep granite + dweller - habitat
Microtis media Common Mignonette Orchid 10 oct average, middle - intermediate floral structure
Microtis media ssp. densiflora Dense Mignonette Orchid 10 oct densiflora: dense + flowers - flower spike
Microtis orbicularis Dark Mignonette Orchid 09 sep circular - labellum shape
Microtis pulchella Beautiful Mignonette Orchid 12 dec pretty - flower
Microtis quadrata South Coast Mignonette Orchid 12 dec squared - labellum shape
Paracaleana alcockii Alcock's Duck Orchid 09 sep Prof. John Alcock (USA) - behavioral ecologist and author, who recognised the species as distinct.
Paracaleana brockmanii Brockman's Duck Orchid 11 nov Gary Brockman, orig.col., orchid enthusiast and author.
Paracaleana disjuncta Little Duck Orchid 10 oct distinct, separate - widely separated locations of species
Paracaleana dixonii Sandplain Duck Orchid 11 nov Dr. Kingsley Dixon, Director of Science at Kings Park & Botanic Garden and author.
Paracaleana gracilicordata Slender-leafed Duck Orchid
11 nov slender + heart-shaped - leaves. (orig.cols., C.French & G. Brockman)
Paracaleana granitica Granite Duck Orchid 11 nov found in 'granite country'.
Paracaleana hortiorum Hort's Duck Orchid 09 sep Fred and Jean Hort, orig.cols., citizen scientists, volunteers and enthusiasts.
Paracaleana lyonsii Midget Duck Orchid 10 oct Michael Lyons, orig.col., 1994, research scientist.
Paracaleana nigrita Flying Duck Orchid 09 sep blackish - dark colouring of the first specimens found in burnt areas
Paracaleana parvula Esperance Duck Orchid 10 oct very small - flowers
Paracaleana terminalis Smooth-billed Duck Orchid 08 aug terminal - calli confined to tip of labellum
Paracaleana triens Broad-billed Duck Orchid 09 sep one third - calli confined to apical third of labellum
Pheladenia deformis Blue Beard 08 aug out of shape - labellum
Praecoxanthus aphyllus Leafless Orchid 04 apr without + leaf - It does have a leaf, but not when flowering.
Prasophyllum brownii Christmas Leek Orchid 12 dec Robert Brown, orig.col., (1773-1858), botanist and naturalist.
Prasophyllum calcicola Limestone Leek Orchid 09 sep limestone + dweller - sand and limey soil habitat
Prasophyllum cucullatum Hooded Leek Orchid 09 sep hood-shaped - formation of lateral sepals
Prasophyllum cyphochilum Pouched Leek Orchid 09 sep hump + lip - labellum base
Prasophyllum drummondii Swamp Leek Orchid 10 oct James Drummond, orig.col., (1784-1863), Botanist, naturalist and avid collector.
Prasophyllum elatum Tall Leek Orchid 09 sep tall - flower spikes
Prasophyllum fimbria Fringed Leek Orchid 07 jul fringed - frilly labellum
Prasophyllum gibbosum Humped Leek Orchid 10 oct humped, swollen - hump at base of lateral sepal
Prasophyllum giganteum Bronze Leek Orchid 09 sep gigantic - tall flower spikes
Prasophyllum gracile Little Laughing Leek Orchid 08 aug slender - tips of sepals
Prasophyllum hians Yawning Leek Orchid 09 sep gaping - open appearance of flowers
Prasophyllum macrostachyum Laughing Leek Orchid 10 oct large (flower) spike
Prasophyllum macrotys Inland Leek Orchid 09 sep large bunch - often crowded inflorescence
Prasophyllum odoratissimum Fragrant Leek Orchid 10 oct very fragrant - flowers
Prasophyllum ovale Little Leek Orchid 09 sep egg-shaped - labellum
Prasophyllum parvifolium Autumn Leek Orchid 07 jul small leaf
Prasophyllum paulineae Pauline's Laughing Leek Orchid 10 oct Pauline Heberle, orchid enthusiast.
Prasophyllum plumiforme Dainty Leek Orchid 09 sep feathery + shape - labellum
Prasophyllum regium King Leek Orchid 10 oct royal - tall inflorescences
Prasophyllum sargentii Frilled Leek Orchid 09 sep Oswald Hewlett Sargent (1880-1952), Orchidologist.
Prasophyllum triangulare Dark Leek Orchid 09 sep triangular-shaped lip. (Orig.col., Robert Fitzgerald, 1881.)
Pterostylis allantoidea Shy Greenhood p sep up 08 aug sausage-like - labellum shape
Pterostylis angusta Narrow Hooded Shell Orchid p sep up 06 jun narrowed - hood on flower
Pterostylis aspera Brown-veined Shell Orchid p sep up 06 jun rough, stiff-haired - labellum
Pterostylis barbata Bird Orchid p sep down 08 aug bearded - hairy labellum
Pterostylis brevichila Dwarf Shell Orchid p sep up 08 aug short + lip - labellum
Pterostylis brunneola
sp. ‘giant’ 359
Giant Snail Orchid p sep up 09 sep brownish - flowers
broo-nee-OH-la
Pterostylis ciliata Hairy Rufous Greenhood p sep down 10 oct bearing cilia, hairs - flower
Pterostylis concava Cupped Banded Greenhood p sep down 07 jul concave - cupped lateral sepals
Pterostylis dilatata Robust Snail Orchid p sep up 06 jun enlarged, widened - bloated flowers
Pterostylis echinulata
sp. ‘hairy leaf’ 360
Hairy-leafed Snail Orchid p sep up 07 jul very small prickles - short hairs on the leaves, scape and ovary
ek-in-yoo-LAH-ta
Pterostylis elegantissima
sp. ‘elegant’ 378
Elegant Rufous Greenhood p sep down 10 oct most elegant - flowers
el-ee-gan-TISS-ee-muh
Pterostylis erubescens
sp. ‘red flowered’ 365
Red Sepaled Snail Orchid p sep up 08 aug reddish, becoming red - the aging flower
er-yoo-BES-enz
Pterostylis exserta
sp. ‘exserted labellum’ 378
Exserted Rufous Greenhood p sep down 10 oct protruding - extended labellum
ek-SER-tuh
Pterostylis frenchii Tuart Rufous Greenhood p sep down 11 nov Chris French, orig.col. WA orchid expert and author.
Pterostylis glebosa
sp. ‘clubbed snail orchid’ 356
Clubbed Snail Orchid p sep up 09 sep lumpy - points of the lateral sepals
gle-BOH-sah
Pterostylis hadra
sp. 'inconspicuous'
Invisible Rufus Greenhood p sep down 10 oct sturdy, strong - robust habit
Pterostylis hamiltonii Red-veined Shell Orchid p sep up 06 jun Alexander Greenlaw Hamilton (1852-1941), naturalist and orchid collector.
Pterostylis insectifera Insect-lipped Rufous Greenhood p sep down 10 oct insect bearing - labellum shape
Pterostylis jacksonii
sp. ‘granite’ 360
Southwest Granite Snail Orchid p sep up 09 sep Bill Jackson, orhchid enthusiast and collector.
jak-SON-ee-eye
Pterostylis karri
sp. ‘karri forest’ 362
Karri Snail Orchid p sep up 08 aug the Karri forest habitat
Pterostylis leptochila Ravensthorpe Rufous Greenhood p sep down 10 oct narrow + lip - labellum
Pterostylis lortensis
sp. ‘south coast clubbed sepals’ 368
Lort River Snail Orchid p sep up 09 sep type locality Lort River
lor-TEN-sis
Pterostylis macrocalymma Large-hooded Rufous Greenhood p sep down 09 sep large + hood - formed by dorsal sepal and petals
Pterostylis macrosceles
sp. ‘slender rufa’ 382
Slender Rufous Greenhood p sep down 09 sep large + leg - the long sepals
mak-roh-SKA-leez
Pterostylis microglossa Kalbarri Shell Orchid p sep up 06 jun small + tongue - short labellum
Pterostylis microphylla
sp. ‘small rosette’ 367
Small Rosette Snail Orchid p sep up 09 sep small + leaf
my-kro-FIL-uh
Pterostylis mutica Midget Greenhood p sep down 08 aug without a point, blunt - petals and sepals
Pterostylis parva
sp. ‘small stature’ 367
Fawn Snail Orchid p sep up 08 aug small, little - stature, flowers and leaves
PAR-vuh
Pterostylis perculta
sp. ‘Ongerup’ 381
Ruddy Hood p sep down 10 oct highly adorned - colourful, prominantly marked flowers
per-CULL-ta
Pterostylis picta Painted Rufous Greenhood p sep down 10 oct painted - flower markings
Pterostylis platypetala
sp. ‘broad petals’ 354
Broad-petaled Snail Orchid p sep up 07 jul broad + petal
plat-ee-PET-ah-la
Pterostylis pyramidalis Tall Snail Orchid p sep up 09 sep pyramid-shaped - leaves, large at base, smaller near the top
Pterostylis recurva Jug Orchid p recurve 08 aug recurved - sepal
Pterostylis roensis Rufous Greenhood p sep down 10 oct Roe Botanical District - where species are widespread
Pterostylis rogersii Curled-tongue Shell Orchid p sep up 07 jul Richard Sanders Rogers (1862-1942), orchidologist and author. (Orig.col., H.M.R.Rupp, 1929.)
Pterostylis sanguinea Dark Banded Greenhood p sep down 07 jul blood coloured - often reddish flowers
Pterostylis sargentii Frog Greenhood p sep down 08 aug Oswald Hewlett Sargent (1880-1952), orchidologist. (Orig.col., his friend, Cecil Andrews, 1904.)
Pterostylis scabra Green-veined Shell Orchid p sep up 07 jul rough - labellum surface
Pterostylis scitula
sp. ‘elegant snail orchid’ 358
Elegant Snail Orchid p sep up 08 aug pretty, neat - flower
SKIT-yoo-la
Pterostylis sinuata Northhampton Midget Greenhood p sep down 08 aug strongly waved - leaves. (Orig.col., Stan Fink, Vic., 1978.)
Pterostylis spathulata Spoon-lipped Rufous Greenhood p sep down 09 sep spoon shaped - labellum
Pterostylis telmata
sp. ‘Cape Arid’ 354
Eastern Swamp Snail Orchid p sep up 09 sep swampy, marshy - habitat
tel-MAH-ta
Pterostylis timothyi Brittle Snail Orchid p sep up 08 aug Timothy David Jones - David Jones son. Canberra
Pterostylis turfosa Bearded Bird Orchid p sep down 10 oct swampy, marshy - habitat
Pterostylis vittata Banded Greenhood p sep down 06 jun striped longitudinally - pattern on the flower
Pterostylis voigtii
sp. ‘miniature’ 363
Eastern Granite Snail Orchid p sep up 08 aug Don Voight, orig.col., Esperance orchid enthusiast.
voy-tee-eye
Pterostylis zebrina
sp. ‘striped’ 383
Striped Rufous Greenhood p sep down 09 sep zebra-striped - flowers
zeb-REE-na
Pyrorchis forrestii Pink Fire Orchid * 11 nov Sir John Forrest (1847-1918), orig.col., explorer, 1st Premier of WA. 1890.
Pyrorchis nigricans Red Fire Orchid * 08 aug blackens after maturity
Rhizanthella gardneri Underground Orchid 05 may Charles Austin Gardner (1896-1970), Government Botanist WA.
(Orig.col., Farmer John Trott of Corrigin 1928.)
Spiculaea ciliata Elbow Orchid 11 nov fringed with fine hairs - the labellum
Thelymitra antennifera Lemon-scented Sun Orchid t yellow 08 aug antennae + bearing - column lobes
Thelymitra apiculata Cleopatra's Needles t sheba 06 jun small points - on the column lobes. (Orig.cols., Mogumber Primary School students, 1965.)
Thelymitra benthamiana Leopard Orchid t star 10 oct George Bentham (1800-1884), English botanist and author. (Orig.col., James Drummond, 1840's.)
Thelymitra campanulata Shirt Orchid t blue 09 sep bell shaped - cupped flowers
Thelymitra canaliculata Blue Sun Orchid t blue 11 nov channeled, grooved - markings on petals and sepals
Thelymitra cornicina Lilac Sun Orchid t blue 09 sep horn shaped - column
Thelymitra crinita Blue Lady Orchid t blue 10 oct hairy - tufted crest on column mid lobe
Thelymitra cucullata Swamp Sun Orchid t swamp 10 oct hooded - formed by dorsal sepal
Thelymitra dedmaniarum Cinnamon Sun Orchid t star 11 nov Carlotta Maud Dedman & daughter Winifred Hilda Dedman, type collectors of the species. (Orig.col., B.T.Goadby, 1934.)
Thelymitra flexuosa Twisted Sun Orchid t yellow 09 sep undulating, curvy - flower stem
Thelymitra frenchii Scarp Sun Orchid t blue 10 oct Chris French, WA orchid expert, author. Recognised the species as distinct.
Thelymitra fuscolutea Chestnut Sun Orchid t star 12 dec brown and yellow-flowered. (Orig.col., Ferdinand Bauer, 1802.)
Thelymitra graminea Shy Sun Orchid t blue 10 oct grass-like - leaves
Thelymitra granitora Coastal Sun Orchid t blue 09 sep on granite - habitat
Thelymitra jacksonii Jackson's Sun Orchid t star 12 dec Bill Jackson, orig.col., 1988, orchid enthusiast, amatuer naturalist.
Thelymitra latiloba Wandoo Shirt Orchid t blue 09 sep broad lobed - column lobes
Thelymitra macrophylla Scented Sun Orchid t blue 09 sep large + leaf. (Orig.col., James Drummond, 1839.)
Thelymitra maculata Eastern Curly Locks t curly 08 aug spotted - blotched flowers
Thelymitra magnifica Crystal Brook Star Orchid t star 10 oct noble, eminent - large, colourful flowers
Thelymitra mucida Plum Orchid t blue 10 oct mouldy - bloom on column
Thelymitra occidentalis Azure Sun Orchid t blue 10 oct of the west - Western Australian distribution
Thelymitra paludosa Plain Sun Orchid t blue 11 nov swampy, marshy - habitat
Thelymitra petrophila Granite Sun Orchid t blue 09 sep rock + loving - granite habitat
Thelymitra psammophila Sandplain Sun Orchid t yellow 09 sep sand loving - sandplain habitat
Thelymitra pulcherrima Northern Queen of Sheba t sheba 08 aug beautiful - flower colour
Thelymitra sargentii Freckled Sun Orchid t yellow 10 oct Oswald Hewlett Sargent (1880-1952), orchid enthusiast.
Thelymitra speciosa Eastern Queen of Sheba t sheba 08 aug showy, spectacular - flower colouring
Thelymitra spiralis Curly Locks t curly 08 aug spiral - leaf
Thelymitra stellata Star Orchid t star 10 oct star - flower shape. (Orig.col., James Drummond, 1839.)
Thelymitra tigrina Tiger Orchid t yellow 12 dec like a tigrina - a small spotted cat
Thelymitra uliginosa Southern Curly Locks t curly 08 aug swampy, marshy - habitat
Thelymitra variegata Queen of Sheba t sheba 08 aug variegated - flower colouration
Thelymitra villosa
vil-OH-suh
Custard Orchid t yellow 10 oct hairy - leaves
Thelymitra vulgaris
vul-GAIR-iss
Slender Sun Orchid t blue 09 sep common
Thelymitra xanthotricha
zan-tho-TRY-kuh
Yellow Tufted Sun Orchid t blue 09 sep yellow + hairs - column lobes
Thelymitra yorkensis
yor-KEN-sis
York Sun Orchid t star 11 nov Town of York - where type collection was made. (Orig.col., Les Robson, 1991.)

 

 

Named Hybrids

(Not included: 30 distinct unnamed hybrids)

Genus species Common Name sub
group
best
month
parentage The Vocabulary of Orchids - Hybrids
Caladenia x aestantha Summer Spider Orchid club sep
white
12 dec C. corenephora
C. serotina
summer + flower - flowering period
Caladenia x cala Wheatbelt Spider Orchid green
white
09 sep C. falcata
C. longicauda
beautiful - flower
Caladenia x coactescens Northern Sandplain Spider Orchid club sep
white
08 aug C. crebra
C. longicauda
felted - small labellum calli
Caladenia x eludens Elusive Spider Orchid wispy
white
09 sep C. chapmanii
C. splendens
avoid, evade - extreme rarity
Caladenia x enigma Enigmatic Spider Orchid dragon
white
09 sep C. barbarossa
C. longicauda
puzzle - confusion whether a hybrid
Caladenia x ericksoniae Prisoner Orchid wispy
crested
08 aug C. filifera
C. pachychila
Rica Erickson (1908-2009), author, botanical artist, naturalist.
Caladenia x erminea Dusky Fairy fairy
fairy
09 sep C. flava
C. marginata
cream, yellow tinge - flower
Caladenia x exoleta Dark-tipped Spider Orchid crested
wispy
08 aug C. roei
C. dimidia
robust, mature - labellum calli
Caladenia x exserta Protruding Spider Orchid white
white

09 sep C. longicauda
C. uliginosa
protruding - labellum
Caladenia x hypata Southern Forest Spider Orchid green
white
09 sep C. lobata
C. longicauda
highest - large, beautiful flowers
Caladenia x idiastes Cerise Spider Orchid white
fairy
09 sep C. gardneri
C. latifolia
distinct - flower structure
Caladenia x lavandulacea Lavender Spider Orchid club tep 09 sep unknown
parentage
lavender - flower colour
Caladenia x ornata Ornate Spider Orchid wispy
dragon
09 sep C. exilis
C. drakeoides
ornate - labellum lobes and colour
Caladenia x resupina Bent Spider Orchid other
wispy
10 oct C. multiclavia
C. polychroma
bent back - dorsal sepal and column
Caladenia x spectabilis Spectacular Spider Orchid fairy
fairy

08 aug C. flava
C. latifolia
spectacular - flower
Caladenia x suffusa Tinged Spider Orchid fairy
white
08 aug C. hirta
C. longicauda
tinged - white flower tinged with pink
Caladenia x triangularis Shy Spider Orchid fairy
white
08 aug C. flava
C. longicauda
triangular - labellum shape
Caladenia x tryphera Delicate Spider Orchid wispy
wispy

08 aug C. microchila
C. sigmoidea
dainty - delicate flower
Elythranthera x intermedia Intermediate Enamel Orchid   10 oct E. emarginata
E. brunonis
intermediate - between parent species

 

References

Books

1984, 1998, 2011
Orchids of South~West Australia by Noel Hoffman and Andrew Brown

2013
Field Guide to the Orchids of Western Australia by Andrew Brown, Kingsley Dixon, Chris French and Garry Brockman

2014
Identification and Ecology of Southwest Australian Orchids by Mark Brundrett

 

Websites

FloraBase the Western Australian Flora

The Orchids of Western Australia by Noel Hoffman

c. 250 species photographed. Easy navigation.

Orchids of South-West Australia by Justin

c. 200 species photographed, information and identification.

History of Orchid Collecting in South Western Australia, 1791 - 1971 by R.L. Heberle

West Australian Orchids by EMILY H. PELLOE - 1930

Australian Plant Collectors and Illustrators 1780's - 1980's

 

Pronunciation and Etymology

The Vocabulary of Orchids An Amatuer Perspective by Allen B Martin.

4 downloadable PDF's - 25,000 entries.

I have tried to translate as literally as possible and give you as accurately as I can, the meaning and/or etymological explanation of the individual words concerned and with most, I try to give an example of its use, creating a useful reference.

Welcome to Botanary, the Botanical Dictionary - Dave's Garden

A reference containing an alphabetical list of 21,261 botanical words, with information given for each word, usually including the etymology (i.e., history and/or origin) and pronunciation.

Guide to the Pronunciation of Specific, Generic and Family Names

Southern California Wildflowers. About 2500 species, one list.

Botanical Latin Pronunciation Guide

American. About 2400 species, one list.

 

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